Many photographers come to this industry from a love of capturing photos. Perhaps it’s that you fell head-over-heels in love with weddings after the experience of your own wedding. Maybe you started out taking photos of your family or pets, and progressed to portraits, and then weddings felt like a natural next step. However you found your way to this kind of work, it can be a little overwhelming to get started. It’s easy to feel spread thin, trying to figure out how to set yourself up for success. Most photographers are passionate about the creative work they do with awesome people, but less dazzled by spreadsheets, management, and the behind-the-scenes aspects of running a business. Many aren’t really prepared for the reality that when it comes to your time, the overwhelming majority of it will be spent on the latter. Communication, advertising, marketing, HR, coordination, customer service, contract preparation, accounting… these are going to take up the bulk of your world.

While it can be a little unexciting to talk about these aspects that structure your business, it sure can help to get you off to the right start. So I wanted to give you a quick lowdown on some of the ways I keep our business running, keep it organized, and keep our clients prepared.

How I prepare and stay organized

What’s your number one most valuable tool long term?

Start using a CRM (aka Customer Relationship Manager). Basically an online system that allows you to manage your business. I use Pixifi and love it because it’s so flexible and comprehensive (and because their customer service in adding customer requests has been incredible), but there are a bunch of options out there that may suit different people. Just to be clear so there are no misunderstandings, in some other industries they use the term CRM to represent client marketing and promotional communications, but within the photography sphere we generally all agree it means business management software. Essentially, it’s a database where I manage my inquiries, client database, workflows & checklists, staff, contracting, invoicing and payments, etc. It’s what helps me ensure we’re on top of things, that nobody slips through the cracks, and that our clients are well-cared for.

When is the right time to shift to a CRM?

Well if you’re tracking all your clients in spreadsheets or documents (or dare I mention post-it notes), eventually you’re likely to hit a point where you start losing track in some way, where it starts feeling like too much of a juggle to keep track. Or maybe, you have need of certain features that would help streamline your life, such as contracting, invoicing, and workflows. Perhaps you just want to simplify by not using a variety of different services when you could amalgamate them in one.

So the secret is just using smart technology? Are there any non-tech solutions to running your business?

I’m clearly a lover of technology, as you can tell by my CRM description! But every so often I lean into an anolog system that just feels right. For me, that’s my gear checklist. I have a literal printed paper list of all my gear, my essential items, basically everything I’ve previously posted about here. I physically check each item off it. Once upon a time, in my wedding biz youth, I shot a wedding without a camera strap. Yes, as a dual-camera shooter. That was quite an interesting (read: uncomfortable) day. The next day, the checklist was born, as I wasn’t about to make that mistake again, nor leave out any other essential item. Anything you’d take for granted as a given, I actually put on the checklist, so no accidents ever happen again. Basically, running a business is just learning a series of lessons and making changes to ensure they don’t happen again (honestly, that’s exactly how my contracts have evolved, too).

Team cheat sheets can help

I send my second shooters a ‘cheat sheet’ of wedding details a week before every wedding. Back in my second-shooting days, it was extremely rare to be provided with much information about what I could expect at a wedding. As someone that loves feeling prepared, I really disliked showing up and having everything be a surprise. My team are dear friends and I value them immensely—I want to ensure they feel equipped, and that we’re on the same page for serving our clients to the best of our ability. So my seconds get a couple of things.

First, a shortlist email of basics. I include names, a link to their session, our timing for arrival/start/finish, addresses, timelines, worksheets, guest count, basic timing plans, ceremony details, and notes on our general plan and any particulars to expect. If particularly elaborate we may chat on the phone in advance. In addition to those basics, I also provide full worksheets along with more elaborate plans, just in case their personality type calls for being well-versed on all the details. These are both linked in an email as well as printed out for them to carry on the day. More than once, my second has been able to pull out their print-outs to answer a guest’s question about the timeline. It’s worth the prep. Helping your second shooters approach the day in the way that works best for them can be a helpful way for you to ensure it’s a flawless experience with a team built on trust.

Preparing your second-shooters

Booking seconds could be its own article entirely, but in addition to extremely carefully vetting and booking your team roster, there are a few smart business practices to follow to make sure your day stays as stress-free as feasible. One trick I like is to remind your second to sync in advance to time.gov and then it’s one less thing to fuss with on the day, and save you time. I highly recommend you bring cards to have your second shoot on. Some photographers just have their seconds shoot on their own (ie the second’s own) cards and then have to back up cards onsite at the end of the night, but it’s such a tedious pain at the end of the night. I do let my seconds back up on their own SDs if they wish but I give them my CFs so at the end of the night I can just take them and go. No muss, no fuss, and no time wasted.

Wedding Photography Business Basics – Photo by Let's Frolic Together
How I serve my clients to make their experience excellent

Questionnaires

To ensure my clients stay stress-free on their special day, and feel both organized and taken care of, my most valuable asset is a worksheet check-in at the two-months-out mark. It’s close enough to the wedding that most decisions have been pretty fully nailed down, but far enough out that there’s still some wiggle room for us to give feedback and request changes. This is the point at which we often learn about issues with their timeline, about changes they’ve made to the original plan, or issues we should be aware of. It’s also an opportunity to get to know them and their priorities. Think of your questionnaires as a resource that allows you to have all the information you need, so you won’t need to bug your clients with even one question on the big day.

What questions do you ask?

I send these out to gather all the essential information that I need (such as addresses, contact info, scope of plans, etc) as well as impactful details (such as family situations we should be sensitive to, priority decor or DIYs, vendor lists, etc). Most good CRMs offer questionnaires as a feature. I also send a separate sheet for family portrait group lists and then we do some back-and-forth work. Honestly, the family groupings are probably the most valuable part of the worksheets. I ask clients to fill them out within two weeks, but give them up to a month. At that point I review the content and hop on the phone with the clients if I have any questions or if I have feedback on timeline changes or other issues I’d advise to change. 

Timelines and Revisions

If I feel the clients (or planners) have provided me with a messy, overly long, or confusing timeline, I often will create a simplified timeline to ensure things flow simply and easily for us and that we’re not flipping through ten pages of information to try and find something relevant. I’ll also reorder into a simplified family formals list for a smarter and more efficient use of time. Often we see a lot of redundancy, or clients have unrealistic hopes for how much time it can take, so revising this list can make a huge impact on the wedding day. It also protects you so you have a paper trail of communications and approved changes by your clients.

Any final hot tips or things to keep in mind?

Lean into that CRM and the amazing things it can do. Workflows are the best thing ever. Being able to create invoices and contracts is great, but what’s even better is automation. Being able to send invoice reminders, have vendor lists auto-populate events, add staff to events, and track your financials? This will make the difference in keeping your business in order, and ensuring your clients feel prepared and have their expectations set. Clients often thank me for the simple, smooth, and modern experience they have in signing documents, paying invoices, and answering worksheets. But be careful—don’t ask more from your clients than they can comfortably give when fielding all sorts of other wedding prep stuff. Keep it simple and straightforward. Part of the reason I schedule the worksheets well in advance is that the final month of wedding prep for them will be so frenzied and busy. If you can get most of the bureaucratic stuff out of the way with clients well before they hit that stressed-out stretch, it’ll help ensure they look back on their experience with you as helpful, anxiety-reducing, and stabilizing.